Te Araroa – Crossing the Rakaia and Rangitata rivers

I am in no way an expert at this.
This entry details my experience crossing the Rakaia and Rangitata rivers. It proposes an alternate route (as yet unwalked) from Lake Coleridge to the trailhead on the south bank of the Rakaia. The idea is to put another option on the table for experienced and confident trampers who wish to avoid a long roadwalk and awkward transition to the next section of trail.

The Rakaia

The Rakaia river is one of the largest braided rivers in NZ. The headwaters of the river are located within the Southern Alps and extend back to the main divide. Its main tributaries in the upper catchment are the Mathias and Wilberforce Rivers which extend the catchment to the north-west and north respectively. The headwaters are glacially fed and exposed to north-west rainfall which results in regular floods during spring and early summer. This means that at times when conditions are dry on the plains, the flows in the river can still be relatively high. The river has a catchment area of approximately 2,900 square kilometres of which 2,600 square kilometres (90%) is upstream of the Rakaia Gorge.

The Te Araroa Trust (TAT) defines the river as a natural hazard zone which does not form part of the trail. Instead it marks a natural break in the continuum, just like Cook Strait. The trail notes go on to state that even in low flows it is not possible to safely ford this river on foot anywhere near Te Araroa’s trailhead on the north bank.

While it may not be possible to cross the river near the TA trailhead on the north bank it is absolutely possible under the right conditions to cross the Rakaia further upstream.

As of 22/1/15 I was able to cross the Rakaia river.
I began the crossing from Algidus Rd on the north bank of the Rakaia in the area of Peak Hill Station. I proceeded in a WNW direction towards Glenrock Station, which was in clear view across the river, selecting crossing points carefully ie the shallower riffle areas. Some time was spent walking upstream to find suitable riffles. After ~1.5hrs the final hurdle seperated me from the southern bank. The last braid was (of course) the deepest, reaching a little over knee height (I’m 6’3”) and flowing fairly quickly. I crossed just above the power lines but there is certainly a better spot to cross further upstream.
This section of the river including both Peak Hill and Glenrock Stations are visible on the official TA map 102.

The route I took crossed first the Wilberforce and then the Rakaia river. It is important to cross above the confluence of these 2 large rivers, thereby attacking them separately rather than both in the one channel.

However, this route I took is not the most efficient!
You end up road walking all the way around Lake Coleridge (some 30km) and then another 15km up Algidus Rd to a point where you can cross the Wilberforce/Rakaia. While these roads are unpaved and lightly trafficked they are still roads and roadwalking is shitty.

The official route from TAT recommends that trampers get to Lake Coleridge village and then continue road walking/hitching to the Rakaia Gorge and then all the way back up the other side. This is a rather large detour and I have heard of people entirely skipping the section between the Rakaia and Rangitata rivers due to this awkward transition. I would strongly recommend not doing this. It’s a really nice section and walking into the Rangitata valley was one of the highlights of my trip.
Many TA Tramps end up hitching out to Methven to resupply before continuing back up to the trailhead on the south bank. The majority of people I talked to that used this strategy had no problem securing a ride back up. So it’s not the end of the world.

There is another alternative.
My future plan for this section is to avoid road walking and instead head west from the northern end of Lake Coleridge. Continuing over the Wilberforce and along the riverbed, skirting Mt Oakden before crossing the Rakaia, linking up with Double Hill Run Road and south to where the TA picks up once more. This route departs the offical TA at 2199km and rejoins at 2229km . It would be at a minimum around 20km, but could easily be a few more if some scouting is needed to find suitable braids.
Something like this:
Rakaia Route

The idea being you would send a box to Arthur’s Pass and then go all the way through to Lake Tekapo. A distance of approximately 215km (river crossings included).

As yet I have not taken this route. I intend to walk it later this summer and record a GPS track first hand.

Some data:
The NIWA research institute collects data on river flow for both the Rakaia and Rangitata rivers.
The Rakaia flow rate is measured at Fighting Hill in the Rakaia Gorge. This is far downstream of where you would want to ford but the data collected can give you an idea of current river conditions.

For example. The day I crossed the Rakaia/Wilberforce (22/1/15) the flow rate was ~175 cubic metres per second/cumecs. As of this writing it is ~120 cumecs
The flow on the day I crossed (175 at Fighting Hill) was definitely manageable, most of the braids under knee height. I didn’t feel unsafe at any time but I would say that is around the boundary, much more water and I would not attempt to cross.
I stress this is a rough way to gauge water flow. The conditions upstream in the Wilberforce and Rakaia may well be different.

2015-02-14 11.13.54

The view north to the Rakaia and Wilberforce rivers

The Rangitata

The Rangitata is generally the easier of the two rivers to cross. I crossed on the 23/1/14 following the rough directions on the TA map, above the Potts River and then continuing SW. Flow rate on this day was ~65 cumecs (compare that to the 175 of the Rakaia), it was a very simple and straightforward crossing at this time.
GPS track recorded on 23rd:


This route was ~9km and took 2 to 3hrs to walk

NIWA also collects flow data on the Rangitata:
It is measured at Klondyke, which is at the outlet of the gorge. Again this is a long way from where the TA interects the river, but the data can give you an idea of river conditions.

In summary, both of these rivers are absolutely crossable under the right conditions. The Rangitata is generally the easier of the two. If conditions are right in the Rakaia, a more optimal route continuing west above Lake Coleridge may save experienced trampers time and provide a more streamlined hike.

By 1870, just a few decades after European settlers first arrived, rivers had been responsible for 1,115 recorded drownings. Drowning became known as ‘the New Zealand death’.
These rivers are no joke. If you are going to attempt anything like this please be careful.

10 thoughts on “Te Araroa – Crossing the Rakaia and Rangitata rivers

  1. I like your thinking here. When do you think you might try out the Rakaia route a go. I’m keen to give it a crack with a food drop in Arthurs Pass and heading right through to Tekapo.

    • Hey Mick

      Well it’s the middle of winter right now so probably not anytime soon!
      I just checked the NIWA site and the Rakaia is flowing at 150cumecs right now, which is a doable rate, so maybe I can get out with my wetsuit booties sometime before spring
      Can’t make any promises but if i get around to it I’ll post the results.

      After talking to a few locals I’m 95% sure it can be done.
      Do you have river crossing experience?

  2. Hi Cam, yeah I should have clarified, i won’t start Te Araroa until Nov, so no crossing this one for me just yet. Too bloody cold! Wait for summer me thinks. Yep plenty of river crossing experience but nothing quite as wide as Rakaia.

    • Hey Mick
      Your post got me thinking about some other ways one could tackle the area.
      The Mingha-Deception route is OK but it’s kind of a shame the TA only skirts the edge of Arthurs Pass NP.

      I was thinking if/when I do it again I’d take the Deception up to Goat Pass over Temple Col down through Temple Basin to AP Township. Pick up some food then head over Avalanche Peak and down into the Crow Valley. Crossing over the Waimakariri you could take Sphinx Saddle (via the Anti-Crow) or Jordan Saddle (via Jordan Stream) (Or stay on the tops between Sphinx and Jordan). Then down to the Avoca which leads to the Harper/Lake Coleridge

      That still doesn’t answer your question about rivers!
      But food for thought. Lots of country up there.
      Are you a kiwi?

      Looking at the map again. If you make it over the Wilberforce on my route (easier of the two in my experience) but get turned back by the Rakaia you can still bail down Algidus Road which leads to Lake Coleridge Township/Methven. So you’re not totally up shit creek if the Rakaia goes south on you


  3. Hello Cam

    Greatly appreciate your blog as there aren’t many resources out there for these crossings. Have you tried your latest Rakaia route yet? I am from Seattle in the States and am walking Northbound on Te Araroa. I would hate to skip this section but it certainly presents a challenge. I have a box waiting for me in Arthur’s pass and would be curious to try your route out from Tekapo.



  4. Hey,
    I had planned your exact route crossing the Rakaia coming from the south. I would’ve been crossing this week but with the rain I might have to skip it. All the comments I’ve gotten from the TA Facebook group say that even our intended crossing is not doable: “Hey Ryan I’ve been upstream on the Wilberforce hiking with a group that included 3 highly experienced mountain/river guides. It’s a serious crossing and best left alone – we had difficulty crossing teaming up in threes and fours in good weather and I wouldn’t suggest anyone try”. . .. “With this rain I would definitely plan on going around the Rangitata as well”.
    Thoughts? Their water level must’ve been way over 175 cumecs… It’s been around 162 this week but Im sure it’s way up now with this rain and probably won’t be too far down when I get there in about a week. 😦
    If I do attempt a crossing I’ll let you know how it goes.

    • Hi Ryan
      Well summer certainly hasn’t been kind to us this year! Looking at the metvuw 10 day forcast it isn’t set to improve any time soon either.
      Considering this I would not attempt crossing the Rakaia and would also be wary of the Rangitata.

      Hmm that’s interesting what you’ve quoted about the Wilberforce. When I crossed the water was about knee level

      I haven’t kept up to date with Te Araroa happenings recently but I would be interested to hear if other people have attempted a similar route


  5. Hi. It was great to see your suggested route and we used a version of it to successfully cross the Rakaia on Christmas Day 2016. It hadn’t rained for about 3 days but dont know what the flow rate was. It was a warm sunny day which meant we could get completely wet if we needed to and quickly dry again. We were also a pair so we could link up which proved useful.

    We hadn’t organised permission to cross the private land and your route went quite close to a house so we ended up crossing the Wilberforce twice to get to the Aldigus road, walking down that to the power pylons and then crossing the wilberforce again and the rakaia at about the point the power pylons cross.

    The flow of the Wilberforce cut into the cliffs at varipus points on both sides coming down from Harper Villge which was why we crossed it three times. First time no problems, we crossed all braids individually. Second time (right near end of Aldigus road) it was in two chanels only so more tricky. We linked up and basically ran down with the flow. Water was about up to our shorts but not undies 🙂 I am 5’6 my husband is about 5’10 .

    The third crossing of the W involved linking up but nothing scarey.

    The Rakaia was fine until the last chanel right by the far bank. We chose a place well upstream of a shoal and aimed for the shoal. We got lifted off our feet but had regained our footing within seconds. So were completely wet but safe and sound.

    Thanks heaps for your posting. Really useful. We also crossed the Rangitata opposite Potts River. No troubles there, never needed to link up.

  6. I often cross at the end of the algidus road over to the doc land. I’d avoid going into algidus station land as your proposed route suggests without permission – the owner is pretty hostile ive heard

  7. people have died crossing the rakaia much higher up than this, it flash floods easily and you’ll have no idea its going to because it twont necesarily be raining where you are, it will be raining miles up the river, its dangerous at the best of times, someone just the other day got swept 100m down the river trying to cross it…. the ore people that try means the higher the chances are someone else will die.. crossing over private farmland, you need to get the farmers permission, or its going to piss them off if multiple people start doing this…

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